Scientists faking results and omitting unwanted findings in research

·Faking results and omitting inconvenient truths in scientific research is more widespread than originally thought, a study finds.
More than two-thirds of researchers said they knew of colleagues who had committed "questionable" practices and one in seven said that included inventing findings.
But when scientists were asked about their own behaviour only two per cent admitted to having faked results.
The findings, published in the journal Public Library of Science, are based on a review of 21 scientific misconduct surveys carried out between 1986 and 2005.
The results paint a picture of a profession in which dishonesty and misrepresentation are widespread.
Daniele Fanelli, of the University of Edinburgh, who carried out the investigation, believes that high-profile cases such as that of Hwang Woo-Suk, the South Korean scientist disgraced for fabricating human stem cell data, are less unusual than is generally assumed.
"Increasing evidence suggests that known frauds are just the tip of the iceberg and that many cases are never discovered," he said.
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